What is Azal – The Desired Question of Muslim Marital Life – What is Azal? What is the ruling of Azal in Islam? Is it permissible?
Countless people search for the answer to this question every day. So for the readers of Muslimguiding, I am discussing Azal’s ruling in today’s blog.
Attempts will be made to present the matter well by mentioning the hadiths related to Azal. In sha Allah.
What is Azal – Analysis of Azal in the literal and technical sense
Azal means – Azal (العزل) means to abstain, to separate, etc.
As it is said in Arabic –
عَزَل الشَّيءَ عن غيره
Translation: He separated one object from another.
In terminology – Azal refers to the wife refraining from ejaculating semen during intercourse or separating the husband’s penis from the wife’s private parts just before ejaculation.
In other words, Azal is a natural method of birth control. Where the time of ejaculation of the husband’s semen during intercourse is closer, the penis is brought out from the wife’s genitals.
So that semen is not excreted inside the uterus. It is a process that keeps the wife from getting pregnant.
The rule of Azal in Islam
Azal is permissible in Islam. However, it requires the wife’s consent because the wife has the same rights as the husband in enjoying intercourse and having children.
So the consent of the wife is essential for him. But if there is no reason, it is better to refrain from doing it.
Hadith about Azal – Zayez’s Dalail
Jabir bin Abdullah (Radiyallahu Anhu) said –
Translation: We used to perform Azal in the Prophet’s time (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). When the news reached the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), he allowed it. (Sahih Bukhari – 250)
Jabir (Radiyallahu Anhu) – Narrated –
Translation – A man came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and said: I have a plaintiff, and I have sex with her. But I don’t like her getting pregnant.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: You can do Azal with him if you want. Because even after doing Azal, what has been determined in his destiny will come. (Sahih Muslim 2607)
Abu Sa’eed Khudri (Radiyallahu Anhu) narrates
Translation: In the battle of Nabi Mustaliq, we went out with the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). There we captured many of the Arab maids, and we wanted women.
But the extended distance from our wives had thrown us into a complex crisis. So we (along with the maids) became interested in Azal.
We said we would be in peace by keeping the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) present among us. But don’t ask him; it can’t be.
Then we asked him about it. He said you have no problem doing it because Allah Ta’ala will do as much to create as many people till the Day of Resurrection. (Sahih Bukhari – 3623)
Statement of Islamic Scholars on Azal
Imam Ibn Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
‘This is the opinion of Imam Malik Imam Shafi Ahl al-Kufa (Hanafi) and the majority Ahl al-Ilim.’ (Yadul Mayad 5/145)
Ibn Hazam – may Allah have mercy on him – said –
Among the Companions who have given the opinion that Azal is permissible,
Ibn’ Abbas, Ibn Mas’ud, Jabir, Zayd Ibn Thabit, Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqqas, etc. – Radiyallahu Anhum – are particularly noteworthy.’ (Yadul Mayad 5/145)
Is it effective in contraception?
If you read the above hadiths correctly, you have this answer.
But for those who did not get it. Azal is not a sure effective method of contraception.
Because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said with the permission of Azal: ‘Because Allah will do as many people as He wills until the Day of Resurrection. (Sahih Bukhari – 3623)
From this, it is understood that there is a possibility of miscarriage even after abortion. Although that is very rare, Azal cannot be considered a 100% effective method of contraception.
An intellectual analysis
Islam encourages Muslim couples to have more children.
As Makil Ibn Yasar narrates –
A man came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and said, ‘I have found a noble and beautiful woman to marry.’
But she will not be able to give birth. Should I marry her? He said, ‘No.’ Then he came a second time.
This time too, he forbade her. Then he came a third time and said, ‘You Mayawati, marry a woman who gives birth to more children.
Because I will be proud of other nations over the number of you. ‘(Abu Dawood – 2052)
Therefore, having more children is praiseworthy in Islam and gaining blessings even in the Hereafter. Therefore, having an intelligent and pious Muslim child is a sign of his intelligence.
But even if someone does it, it is still valid. There does not have to be an acceptable reason for it to be helpful. Anyone can do Azal if he wants to.
Is Azal a safe method of contraception?
It is better to have a temporary contraceptive than other methods of pill condom injection.
Because these modern methods of contraception cause many complex and incurable diseases said some knowledgeable doctors and scientists.
At the same time, it has been proven from the health surveys of all the women who have adopted these methods in real life.
However, since Azal is a natural method, it poses no health risk. It is very safe to do Azal for him from a health point of view.